Dr Jean-Michel Tanguy
CEO of the Group of Scientific Interest « Hydraulics for Environment and Sustainable Development
Jean-Michel Tanguy stated his career as an civil servant engineer in hydraulics in Toulouse involved in the studies of flooding areas of Garonne river, developing softwares. He went to Québec City in the framework of an exchange program between France and Québec and worked for the ministry of environment during 3 years, in charge of studies in hydraulics, water quality, associating field measurements and software developments. During this period he passed a master of degree in river ice cover evolution at Laval University in Québec city followed by a Ph.D on the application of the finite element method in river sedimentology.
Back to France in 1991, he was in charge of starting the division of research of the technical service (CETMEF) of the ministry of environment involved in maritime and fluvial engineering at Compiègne. He was at this time associated professor at University of Compiègne and formed a mix group of researchers between university and CETMEF. He was involved in European research programs (MArine Science and Technology) and developed a new family of finite elements softwares (waves, currents, sediments transport, bed evolution). He co-leaded Master and PhD thesis.
He then left for the technical service of the ministry of environment located in Aix-en-Provence to reorganize the teams in water and air and to diffuse the new family of models. He was involved in the definition of research programs for the ministry of environment especially in coastal engineering.
In 2003 he was associated by the Water Director with the reorganization of the 22 flood forecasting services and was commissioned to create the national service of flood forecasting (SCHAPI) in Toulouse of which he was the director for 5 years. During this period, he taught Hydraulics in University of Toulouse (Institut de Mécanique des Fluides). He was the French representative in water resources for the Join Research Center of the European Commission and for the World Meteorological Organization (WMO).
In 2008, the General Commissioner of the Sustainable Development of the ministry of environment commissioned him to create the CEREMA : a public service of 1600 staff members. During this time, he was involved in writing the national strategy of sustainable development, in developing a wiki family (WIKHYDRO). He was also in charge of positioning the ministry in ITC and initiate the creation of the first incubator of start-ups in ENPC (Paris).
He is currently CEO of the group of 34 Scientific Organizations GIS HEDD “Hydraulics for Environment and Sustainable Development”, especially in charge of international cooperation (Australia), initiation of collaborative projects in the field of water resources and animating reflections on a paradigm shift resulting from the emergence of new technologies and their consequences on behavioral changes and new jobs.
KEYNOTE PRESENTATION: Impact of new technologies and new data (related to DDM) in a fast-moving connected society
Disaster Risk Management implies all levels of the society : from the elected officials to the individuals, which must be in close contact when a disaster occurs. But to predict and characterize an incoming disaster, data are necessary. These data are traditionary obtained via physical gauges in the field : along rivers for inundation, coasts for storm surges or tsunamis, forests for bushfires, mountains for avalanches, steep slopes for landslides… But new technologies are rapidly arising with airborne data sensors on satellites, drones, planes as well as new data from people using smartphone : pictures or videos via Internet. The progress of Science produces faster and powerful algorithms and new tools from disciplines like Artificial Intelligence, Deep Learning, Robotics. These new products interfere and make people change their behavior, being more aware and informed, but loosing each day a parcel of freedom. The arrival of huge amount of heterogeneous data impose to rethink the classical technologies and infrastructure used by the risk analysis community. Moreover, a lot of questions regarding the society arise like the individual privacy and the change of paradigm in the next future. International strategies like Sendai framework which is the actualized doctrine of DDR, associated with Open Gov Partnership initiative promotes the opening of data bases, strengthening the interface between science and policy, enhances participation processes between all actors of DDR.
All theses questions are presented in an illustrated talk.